Water and food are the basic essential items that all beings must
have access to in order to survive. Having essential food that is safe and has
sufficient nutrition along with water that is safe is considered a basic human
necessity. But when it is a natural or manmade disaster the scenario is
completely changed. Our society has witnessed such adverse times when people
crave for a single grain of food and a mouthful of water. The only reason these
are emergencies is that either we were not prepared with adequate emergency
supplies or informed enough about tackling such situations.
Being entirely prepared to face a crisis is next to impossible as they occur
without prior notice. Many times those who could have survived did not because
adequate emergency supplies were not available.
Emergency food and water are essential to survive. Therefore, water and food
storage make an essential part of all emergency preparedness. With the advent of
advance technology there are companies that produce emergency food products that
can be stored for a longer duration, most for 5 years. There are also many ways
of preserving household food like frozen food, dried, and dehydrated food.
Emergency water can be purchased in sturdy plastic containers, which usually
have a 5 year shelf life as well, and a purifier can be kept in your disaster
kit to ensure emergency drinking water. If a disaster catches you suddenly and
you are without clean water you can use sources in your home like water in your
hot water tank, ice cubes, and water from house pipes and faucets. In addition,
there are alternative sources available outside your home which includes
rainwater, streams, rivers, ponds and lakes, and natural springs.
Generally, a 3 day supply of food and water is recommended to keep on hand
for every individual in your family or group. Below are some helpful
Develop a habit of saving more food as you buy your groceries.
Try to keep at least a supply for several days for you and your family until
proper help reaches you.
Some people like to have food for 2-3 months stored and use up the old food
and restock with fresh supplies. It's really an individual choice.
Food items like white rice, beans and wheat can be stored for longer period
of time. Mark the food products with specific purchase date. Masking tapes with
marker pens can be used for this work.
Again most emergency kits use the 3 day supply rule, but the main thing is
to make sure you are completely prepared to face any emergency, in terms of food